Reconstruction policies for the south

The Union victory in the Civil War in 1865 may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period (1865-1877) introduced a new set of significant challenges. Under the administration of President Andrew Johnson in 1865 and 1866, new southern state legislatures passed restrictive.

The term Reconstruction Era, in the context of the history of the United States, has two senses: the first covers the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the Civil War; the second sense focuses on the transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877, as directed by Congress, with the reconstruction of.

Even before the war ended, President Lincoln began the task of restoration. Motivated by a desire to build a strong Republican party in the South and to end the bitterness engendered by war, he issued (Dec. 8, 1863) a proclamation of amnesty and reconstruction for those areas of the Confederacy occupied by Union armies. It offered pardon, with.

The issue: In the aftermath of the Civil War (1861-65), should the U.S. government follow a course of Reconstruction favored by Radical Republicans, which would punish the South and which would involve strong federal intervention to overhaul the political and social structure of the South and ensure that the freed slaves would be granted full.

Reconstruction is the period from the end of the Civil War until 1877, when the people of the U.S. worked to put the country back together again after the divisive and bloody war. Because there were so many different views about how Reconstruction should be accomplished, and because so much was at stake, this was a period of tremendous conflict –.

Lincoln s successor, Andrew Johnson, at first pleased the radicals by publicly attacking the planter aristocracy and insisting that the rebellion must be punished. His amnesty proclamation (May 29, 1865) was more severe than Lincoln s; it disenfranchised all former military and civil officers of the Confederacy and all those who owned property.

About four million former slaves were freed during or just after the Civil War. The vast majority, like the family shown on the right, were in the Southern states. Most freed slaves – called freedmen – had no education, no money, and owned no land or farming tools. So the most immediate problem facing the president and leaders in Congress was.

Reconstruction generally refers to the period in United States history immediately following the Civil War in which the federal government set the conditions that would allow the rebellious Southern states back into the Union. (The precise starting point is debatable, with some prominent scholars arguing that Reconstruction actually began during.

Dating the Reconstruction era. In the different states Reconstruction began and ended at different times; federal Reconstruction finally ended with the Compromise of 1877 1863. January 1: President Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring that the majority of the nation s slave population henceforth shall be free. Though the.